Ask The Low-Carb Experts
Jimmy Moore Presents his latest podcast, Ask The Low-Carb Experts. Listeners like YOU can call in LIVE every thursday evening at 7PM US Eastern time. Just call (712) 432-0900 and use the access code 848908 or you can Skype the show for FREE by calling the username freeconferencing.7124320900.

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Syndication

AIR DATE: July 26, 2012 at 7PM ET
FEATURED EXPERTS: Nora Gedgaudas
FEATURED TOPIC: "Are Starches Really Safe?"

One of the most controversial issues in the Paleo/low-carb communities over the past year is the concept known as "safe starches" popularized by people like Paul Jaminet in his book Perfect Health Diet. When I first blogged about this topic in October 2011, I was simply curious about the seemingly bizarre idea that consuming starch could somehow be a part of a healthy nutritional plan in light of the predictable negative blood sugar impact of consuming these foods. The conversation that ensued between Paul Jaminet and low-carb physician Dr. Ron Rosedale in the months that followed literally defined some clear lines of distinction between those in the Paleo community who see starchy foods such as white rice, white potatoes, sweet potatoes, plantains as harmless to health and those in the low-carb community who view starch as something to be avoided if you want to optimize your health. Who's right? Who's wrong? That's what we'll seek to answer in Episode 21 of "Ask The Low-Carb Experts" with the author of Primal Body, Primal Mind Nora Gedgaudas. With a panel of experts slated to tackle this important Paleo/low-carb health issue coming up next month at the upcoming Ancestral Health Symposium in Boston, Massachusetts in two weeks, this podcast gave YOU a chance to ask the questions you think need to be out there regarding this topic.

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Here are some of the questions we addressed in this podcast:

WALLY ASKS:
Is it okay to eat fruit when it's out of season? For example a banana in Chicago in the dead of winter?

DANA ASKS:
I have athletic boys who I feel NEED to consume safe starches after sports? Is this true or am I just falling for conventional wisdom? Will they miss out on any nutrients or energy in their lives if they choose to avoid starches? Honestly, they are not big fans of sweet potatoes (although I keep making them and presenting them and will continue to!). How about white potatoes? What's the nutrient difference?

HANK ASKS:
Are safe starches okay as a staple of the "Paleo diet" or should they only be used in proportion to your activity level? Robb Wolf, Mark Sisson and other Paleo/primal leaders advocate for higher-carb levels for endurance athletes for instance, but some people like "Free The Animal" blogger Richard Nikoley seem to do okay with white potatoes as a part of their diet on a regular basis even without endurance exercise. What are your thoughts?

DANNY ASKS:
In my view the entire controversy over "safe starches" is completely overblown because the applied dose is never discussed. I am a near zero carb dieter who remains in nutritional ketosis all the time. I don't ever each starches as part of my diet. As a keto-adapted runner these supposedly "safe starches" work against me. However, I did read Paul Jaminet's The Perfect Health Diet and found the suggested dose of starchy carbohydrates -- 20% of calories -- to be quite reasonable when compared to clinical studies on low-carb which also have about 20% of calories from carbohydrates. The goal of the safe starches is not to suggest sugar is safe, but to stave off "excess gluconeogenesis" so the liver does not need to work to produce glucose and instead the minimal amount that is needed will be supplied by the diet. Unfortunately, I think the safe starch message has been twisted by the bodybuilding crowd who have descended upon Paleo and given them a way to cling to their old alternating high-carb/low-carb days, substituting sweet potatoes for post-workout sugar/protein bombs they used to ingest. As a low-carb advocate the applied dose is the real bone of contention as it is being incorrectly applied by Paleo at large. What do you think?

LISA ASKS:
Is it possible to stoke food cravings leading someone to possibly overeat from consuming safe starches? Or is this desire completely avoidable for someone with a fat-burning, balanced metabolism?

NICK ASKS:
Pretty much all longevity research has shown that the key is keeping the amount of insulin your body needs to use over its lifetime as low as possible. Thus, however "safe" glycating starches might be in the short term, by definition, how can they be considered metabolically benign to most of us whose capacity to process glucose declines as we age?

JIM ASKS:
Is the safety of starches in a Paleo diet largely dependent on the individual's current health, goals, and food tolerances relative to the chosen starch sources? Consider two examples: A clinically obese, sedentary individual eating a Paleo diet and a lean, active individual eating a Paleo diet. It seems reasonable to limit starch for the sedentary individual, in favor of high quality proteins, fats, and non-starchy carbohydrates to help facilitate hormonal repair and weight loss. In the case of the active individual, adding starches seems like an easy way to replenish depleted glycogen stores and help facilitate improved recovery from exercise. Assuming an individual has a good relationship with food and a healthy hormonal system, how does starch cause harm?

PETER ASKS:
Is time of day important in terms of the effects of carb consumption, and, if so, would it be better to eat carbs in the morning or evening? And does eating fat along with carbs mitigate the effect of those carbs on blood sugar? If so, is there a rule of thumb or ratio you can use?

CESAR ASKS:
I would like to ask you about manioc and manioc flour, mainly because it is one of the most common sources of carbohydrates in my country of Brazil. I have chosen it as my main source of carbs because it is gluten free and the only main anti-nutrient I could find in it is acceptable levels of cyanide. The toasting and preparation of the flour supposedly eliminates most of the cyanide. I have also read that the detrimental effects of manioc's cyanide is greatly reduced with the proper amount of meat protein, which I eat a lot of, so I hope there is some truth in there. Do you have any thoughts on this as an acceptable starch source?

Direct download: atlcx-21-nora-gedgaudas.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 1:00am EDT

AIR DATE: July 19, 2012 at 7PM ET
FEATURED EXPERTS: Robb Wolf
FEATURED TOPIC: "Transitioning To The Paleo Diet"

The Paleo diet has come on strong in recent years as people have become increasingly frustrated by the constant (and nauseating) promotion of high-carb, low-fat nutritional plans as the only way to get healthy. Unfortunately, these dietary approaches simply leave most dieters hungry, irritable and miserable. If only we could convince people to hearken back to the dietary dictates of our ancestors when obesity, diabetes and heart disease didn't exist, then perhaps we could salvage the weight and health of modern man. That's exactly the passion of bestselling author of The Paleo Solution (read Jimmy's review here) and Paleo lifestyle expert Robb Wolf. Robb joins us in Episode 20 of "Ask The Low-Carb Experts" to address all of your questions about changing your diet over from the SAD, vegetarian/vegan or even a low-carb diet to a Paleo lifestyle. If you've been considering making the switch over to a Paleo diet and have any questions about how to go about doing that, then Robb is the man to provide the answers.

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Here are some of the questions we addressed in this podcast:

LAURIE ASKS:
How is butter different from cream when it comes to Paleo? I have a friend who shuns cream and cheese and other dairy but still uses butter. I am trying to transition to Paleo but am trying to figure out the differences. Is cheese better than cream as far as Primal versus Paleo?

KAT ASKS:
Can you explain your statement about eating fat on a Paleo diet? It seems I've heard you say that if you want to lose fat then you need to eat less overall which includes less fat. Do you really believe that is true?

DAYTONA ASKS:
What are your thoughts on the proliferation of Paleo desserts, e.g. Paleo brownies, chocolate truffles, waffles, etc. Where does that fall in the fundamental Paleo concept of Just Eat Real Food? I know you like to use the caveat of do whatever improves how you "look, feel and perform" but I’m curious what your personal opinion is on these recreations and how eating them everyday impacts one’s health.

JACK ASKS:
Is BPA consumption a concern for someone who eats canned fatty fish every other day on his Paleo diet? I eat this way because it's cheap, especially mackerel and sardines packed in brine which I enjoy.

LINDSAY ASKS:
I am a 47 year old female who has made the transition from triathlete to competitive bodybuilder. I was a vegetarian for nearly 20 years but added meat back into my diet about one year ago when I made the switch. Recently I tweaked my "clean" diet further to remove all grains and adhere to a more Paleo style of eating. As difficult as it was to give up my oatmeal, I am happy to say I am now bloat-free! I understand that a pre-contest bodybuilding diet is not necessarily going to be the same as a healthy diet. I have a competition coming up in 10 weeks and was wondering if you could comment on how to structure a pre-contest diet that would allow me to reach the single digit body-fat percentages on a Paleo diet. I know fat is good for the healthy diet but my mind still tells me to limit it pre-contest. I know there's Professor Cordain's "Paleo for Athletes" book out there but I'm not really looking at my situation from a performance standpoint - purely aesthetics. Any suggestions would be greatly appreciated. Incidentally, I listen to Robb's podcast and really wish I could come up with some smart-allec comment for him.

SCOTT ASKS:
What advice would you have for someone with a depressed Thyroid and Autoimmune conditions (likely linked to a leaky gut) incorporating more polyunsaturated fats into the diet? These are normally recommended and allowed on a Paleo Diet (in a good balance of Omega 3 and 6 of course), but it seems that there is some research often cited by Dr. Ray Peat about all PUFA's (not just the unfavorable Omega 6's) leading to anti-thyroid and gut permeability. Is this a possible reason for someone to not see great results from transitioning to Paleo, specifically that the consumption of PUFA's counteract the benefits of removing other problematic foods like grains and dairy? Would you still recommend attempting a Paleo template a la Chris Kresser even if it meant not consuming Omega 3's? Any thoughts you have on Ray Peat's claims would be awesome to hear!

MEG ASKS:
How long does it take before weight lifting and sprinting activity will make a measurable impact on my body composition? I have been doing these type workouts twice a week for 8 weeks now but so far there is no change in body fat percentage or weight, and only a 1cm change to my upper body measurements. I am so disappointed with this result! I am 40 years old and I eat a Paleo template but do eat some cheese and heavy cream. I get 30-100g of carbohydrate a day, all from veggies, berries and salads. Could it be that I'm expecting too much? If not, then when can I expect the muscle to increase and the body fat to reduce?

CHIROPRACTOR DR. SMITH ASKS:
I am a 57-year-old chiropractor. About six years ago I had a mild heart attack for no particular reason. I've always taken pretty good care of myself. However, looking back over the years, I was big into 'healthy whole grains', lots of fruits, not too many vegetables and plenty of of protein and LOW FAT. An Angiogram showed my arteries were half clogged but I decided not to have the bypass surgery or the stents put in. My current theory is that decades of rises in blood sugar and the predictable insulin responses have contributed significantly towards my coronary artery disease. I have been 90% Paleo for nearly a year and I look, feel and perform much better. My questions are: do you think sugar and grains can cause heart disease? And how do I explain to my would-be naysayers that eating Paleo is good for my damaged heart?

MICHELE ASKS:
I have been eating this way for a while now and it is hard to remember that time in my life when I chose to eat crap. I would love to hear what challenges Robb has faced introducing the Reno Police/Fire Fighters to the Paleo lifestyle.

PETER ASKS:
We all know that factory-farmed meats and associated grain-fed animal foods are not so good for you and that grass-fed meats and organs are a far superior choice for your health on a Paleo diet. But what if you just can't get grass-fed meats? Do you still eat the factory stuff or avoid it altogether and get your nutrition from other sources?

MATTIAS ASKS:
Today I was banging my head against a wall with a vegan. The topic was phytic acid. I've seen great results for my psoriasis after ditching grains and legumes switching to a Paleo diet. Her point though is that the binding properties of phytic acid are the greatest benefit in this radiated environment while the legumes themselves provide plenty of minerals, even if phytic acid binds to some. Does she have an actual claim here?

DIANA ASKS:
This question is about dairy not being Paleo. I understand that man did not evolve consuming dairy. However, I would like to submit that in India they have been consuming dairy for possibly 6000 years. Until the introduction of Westernized foods, I'm thinking they did not have a problem with poor health due to food consumption. It is my belief that dairy in the US is only an "allergen" because it has been pasteurized. Have you ever considered the possibility that dairy would be a perfectly acceptable food for humans if it was consumed in its "raw" form? Given the perfect world scenario that milk if not contaminated and not requiring pasteurization, it is actually a perfect food. If you think about it, milk's sole purpose is to be a food and to nourish another individual unlike anything else we eat. Any thoughts?

MARK ASKS:
I work at a senior center and will be discussing the Paleo Diet with them in-depth tomorrow. I normally talk about the benefits of such a style of eating or similar and many are coming around to the idea that beef and eggs are not bad for them. But the grains and dairy thing can be a difficult one to wrap one’s head around about giving them up (or at least restricting them). Can you share any case stories from your own experience of implementing and transitioning the senior citizen population to a Paleo diet?

AMBERLY ASKS:
I am allergic to eggs, so do you have any creative ideas for breakfast? (I know I can have lunch or dinner foods, but that gets old after a while.)

Direct download: atlcx-20-robb-wolf.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 1:00am EDT